Classifications of the Florida Licensed Mental Health Professionals

PSYCHOLOGY

The practice of psychology includes: Psychological testing in the evaluation or assessment of personal characteristics such as intelligence, personality, abilities, interests, aptitudes, and neuropsychological functioning; All forms of psychotherapy; Psychoeducational evaluation, remediation, and consultation; Use of psychological methods to diagnose prevent and treat mental, emotional, or psychological disorders, as well as the psychological aspects of physical illness, accident, injury, or disability in individuals, couples, families or groups. (Source: State of Florida, Department of Health, Board of Psychology)

PSYCHOLOGIST: In the State of Florida, a Licensed Psychologist must have a doctoral degree in psychology (Ph.D., Psy.D. or Ed.D.) from an accredited college or university; have completed a one year pre-doctoral internship and a one year post-doctoral residency; and have met licensure requirements which include passing both the National and the State of Florida licensing examinations. (Source: State of Florida, Department of Health, Board of Psychology)

BOARD CERTIFICATION: The American Board of Professional Psychology (ABPP) offers board certification, also known as Diplomate status, in several specialty areas. The ABPP was developed to provide a credentialing mechanism to test competency in these specialty areas. The areas of specialty certification are: Behavioral Psychology, Clinical Psychology, Clinical Neuropsychology, Counseling Psychology, Family Psychology, Forensic Psychology, Group Psychology, Health Psychology, Industrial/Organizational Psychology, Psychoanalysis Psychology, Rehabilitation Psychology and School Psychology. (Source: American Board of Professional Psychology)

Ph.D.: Traditionally trained Ph.D. psychologists have a Doctor of Philosophy degree with an emphasis on training in the behavioral sciences. Clinical Ph.D. programs teach the full spectrum of psychological sciences, including the fundamentals of psychology practice. Conducting research is
is generally emphasized and completion of a research dissertation is typically required.

Psy.D: Psy.D. Psychologists have a Doctor of Psychology degree and are trained in the behavioral sciences. Clinical Psy.D. programs teach the full spectrum of psychological sciences, including research. Strong emphasis is placed on learning to apply the skills learned, through more structured course sequences and more practical training and experience. Completion of a research dissertation may or may not be required.

Ed.D: Ed.D. Psychologists have a Doctor of Education degree with an emphasis on life-long learning and development as it relates to school and related agencies. Ed.D. psychologists share a common core of knowledge and skill competencies related to psychological foundations which are typically applied to one of two areas of emphasis – school psychology or counseling psychology. Completion of a research dissertation is also typically required.

SCHOOL PSYCHOLOGY

The practice of school psychology includes: The rendering to an individual, group, organization, government agency, or the public, psychoeducational developmental, and vocational assessment; Evaluation and interpretation of intelligence, aptitudes, interests, academic achievement, adjustment, and motivations or other attributes that relate to learning, educational, or adjustment needs; Short-term situation-oriented counseling for the amelioration or prevention of learning and adjustment problems; Consultation, which include psychoeducational, developmental, and vocational assistance or direct educational services related to learning problems and adjustments to those problems; Development of programs; Acting as a catalyst for teacher involvement in adaptations and innovations; and Facilitating the psychoeducational development of individual families or groups. (Source: State of Florida, Department of Health, Board of Psychology)

School Psychologist: In the Stte of Florida, a School Psychologist must have a minimum of a Master’s degree from an accredited school and has received specialized training in child development and learning and behavior disorders. Licensure is not a requirement although a school psychologist may elect to seek licensure. To become licensed, a school psychologist must have received a doctorate, specialist or master’s degree from a program primarily psychological in nature, have had a minimum of three years of experience as a school psychologist – two of which must be supervised by a licensed school psychologist – and have met other licensure requirements. (Source: State of Florida, Department of Health, Board of Psychology)

CLINICAL SOCIAL WORK

The practice of clinical social work is defined as the use of scientific and applied knowledge, theories, and methods for the purpose of describing, preventing, and treating undesired behavior and enhancing mental health and human development. It is based on the person-in-situation perspective and includes methods of a psychological nature to evaluate, assess, diagnose, treat, and prevent emotional and mental disorders or dysfunctions in individual, couple, marital, family or group behavior. (Source: State of Florida, Department of Health, board of Clinical Social Work, Marriage and Family Therapy and Mental Health Counseling)

Licensed Clinical Social Worker: In the State of Florida, a Licensed Clinical Social Worker must have a minimum of a Master’s degree in Social Work from an accredited graduate school, have completed a supervised clinical practicum and have met all licensure requirements. (Source: State of Florida, Department of Health, Board of Clinical Social Work, Marriage and Family Therapy and Mental Health Counseling)

 

MARRIAGE AND FAMILY THERAPY

The practice of marriage and family therapy is defined as the use of scientific and applied marriage and family theories, methods and procedures for the purpose of describing, evaluating, and modifying marital, family and individual behavior within the context of marital and family systems. It includes using methods of a psychological nature to evaluate, assess, diagnose and prevent emotional and/or mental disorders or dysfunctions. (Source: State of Florida, Department of Health, Board of Clinical Social Work, Marriage and Family Therapy and Mental Health Counseling)

Licensed Marriage and Family Therapists: In the State of Florida, a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist must have a minimum of a Master’s degree from an accredited graduate school with a major emphasis in marriage and family therapy, or a closely related field; have completed a supervised clinical practicum and have met all licensure requirements. (Source: State of Florida, Department of Health, Board of Clinical Social Work, Marriage and Family Therapy and Mental Health Counseling)

MENTAL HEALTH COUNSELING

The practice of mental health counseling is defined as the use of scientific and applied behavioral science theories, methods and techniques for the purpose of describing, preventing and treating undesired behavior and enhancing mental health and human development. It is based on the person-in-situation perspective and includes methods of a psychological nature to evaluate, assess, diagnose and treat emotional and mental dysfunctions or disorders. (Source: State of Florida, Department of Health, Board of Clinical Social Work, Marriage and Family Therapy and Mental Health Counseling)

Licensed Mental Health Counselor: In the State of Florida, a Licensed Mental Health Counselor must have a minimum of a Master’s degree from an accredited graduate school with a major related to the practice of mental health, counseling, have completed a supervised clinical practicum and have met all licensure requirements. (Source: State of Florida, Department of Health, Board of Clinical Social Work, Marriage and Family Therapy and Mental Health Counseling)

OTHER DISCIPLINES

Psychiatrist: A physician who specializes in the diagnosis, treatment, prevention and study of mental illnesses and substance use disorders; In addition to having met all of the requirements for a medical degree, has completed a residency in psychiatry; May prescribe medications to assist in the amelioration of symptoms; Has met all requirements for licensure in the State of Florida.

 

Psychiatric Nurse: A registered nurse, usually with a Master’s degree, who has received training in psychiatry and who specializes in the application of psychiatric principles in caring for patients with mental and emotional disorders; Has met all requirements for licensure in the State of Florida.

Nurse Practitioner (Psychiatric): A registered nurse with a minimum of a Master’s degree who has received special training to assume and expanded role in providing medical care; Specializes in the application of psychiatric principles in caring for patients with mental and emotional disorders; May prescribe some medications under the supervision of a physician; Has met all requirements for licensure in the State of Florida.